Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Is Albania, a multi ethnic state?

Image result for xeimara
 Six countries surrounding Albania, require that the law on Minorities, to be according to the standards of the European Union and the UN Chapter of the Human Rights

35 % of Albania's citizens in all territory, are not ethnic Albanians.

  In 2002 the Council of Europe's mission visited Albania and formed a Center for Ethnic Research in Tirana. In April 2002, the Center delivered a questionnaire of 33 questions to the Albanian population all over the country. 

"The results of this research show that about one million or 35% of the total population in the country are members of minorities.

The Draft law on Minorities was opposed by almost all the groups claiming transparency from Albania, once they have not known the Census 2011.

The Albanian Government, in late 2016, has taken an initiative, to inform ethnic groups, about a law, which is expected to pass in parliament for ethnic minorities. The draft law was distributed across six major ethnic groups, which reconsidering this process, such as delayed but manipulated by Census 2011.

Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania, three of them are European Union countries, does not recognize the Census result of 2011.

Sources for SManalysis, the largest group, is the Greek community, who constitute the majority in southern Albania, but also currently in Tirana. Mostly of this group, living between Albania and Greece, with dual citizenship, Greek and Albanian. According to Greek Authorities, this grouping, counts about 600 thousand citizens of Greek nationality. (Northern Epiriotes). According to the CIA Fact Book, 1989, Albania counts about 285 thousand ethnic Greek, while according to the Greek government and Greek organizations of USA, they went to 400 thousand.

The Himara Community, together with the Diaspora, counts for Himara Region, about 15 thousand ethnic Greeks, or 95% of the population, who are not officially, recognized that after the establishment of the communist dictatorship in 1946.

The second group belongs to the Bulgarian minority, which is situated in the north-eastern Albania, but also in Tirana. Today Bulgaria has equipped around 100 thousand Albanian citizens with Bulgarian citizenship, for which it claims are its citizens with Bulgarian ethnic composition.

Meanwhile according to other states, In Albania, inhabited by ethnic minority as Serbs about 40 thousand, 50 thousand are Romanian, Montenegro are 20 thousand and other 20 thousand are Slavo Macedonian.

Three of EU, starting from Greece, Romania and Bulgaria, which vetoed conditions to be supplied to Albania,  , will monitor strictly the rights and freedoms of ethnic groups, to fulfill the conditions that are set for Albania, further progress for EU membership.

Meanwhile Greece has decided to monitor the condition for the ethnic Greek community, by addressing the request of property and territory inhabited by Greeks in Southern Albania.

Five great powers of the time, in 1914, demanded Albania to sign the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus, an autonomous territory with a surface of 5.5 thousand square kilometers, where the Greeks had the government's own and independent institutions including courts and schools, in the official Greek language. But this agreement was blocked by the Communist dictatorship in 1946.




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