Thursday, September 23, 2021

Serbian Armed Forces raised combat readiness to the highest level

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B92


Defense Minister Nebojsa Stefanovic and Chief of the General Staff of the Serbian Army, General Milan Mojsilovic, went to Raska.

SOURCE: B92, RTS, TANJUG THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 2021 | 14:45

They are touring part of the forces of the Serbian Army, which raised combat readiness to the highest level.

The visit was preceded by a meeting with the commanders of the units of the Serbian Army, the Ministry of Defense announced.



Just to reiterate that in the south of Serbia, for the fourth day in a row, there is tension at the administrative crossings towards Kosovo and Metohija, Jarinje and Brnjak, after the decisions of the Pristina authorities to ban Serbian license plates on the territory of Kosovo and Metohija.

Both crossings are blocked, with ROSU special units on one side and dissatisfied Serbs on the other. KFOR helicopters are also in charge of the area.

Foto: Ministarstvo odbrane
Foto: Ministarstvo odbrane
Defense Minister of Serbia said that the units of the Serbian Army are in high combat readiness in the garrisons of Raska and Novi Pazar, because in that way the state wants to send a clear message that the pogrom of the Serbian people will not happen again.

"Our army does not provoke, but it is ready to protect the people if anything that endangers their lives happens. It is important for me to see that these people are prepared and ready. The equipment we procured is in the right hands of professionals," Minister said.

Stefanović estimates that President Aleksandar Vučić is making great moves in order to de-escalate the current situation in the north of Kosovo and Metohija.

Foto: Ministarstvo odbrane
Foto: Ministarstvo odbrane
He also commented on calling on "both sides" to refrain from provocations coming from the EU.

"What did Belgrade do? Every provocation was made by Pristina, including this what you could see in Jarinje and Brnjak. Unfortunately, the latest event, the beating of Serbs. Everything that is happening indicates how right the president was when he he said that it would happen, that it was part of an organized campaign", Minister said.

Stefanovic adds that he expects a reaction from the EU and KFOR, but that the most important thing at the moment is to protect the lives of Serbs, Sputnik reported.

Sunday, July 11, 2021

Ελλάδα-Κόσοβο: Το πουλάκι που πέταξε και η χωρίς αντάλλαγμα αναγνώριση

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Η Δημοσιογραφία για να είναι αδέσμευτη-ανεξάρτητη πρέπει να χρηματοδοτείται κυρίως από τους αναγνώστες. 

Τώρα, Ελλάδα και Αλβανία έχουν συμφωνήσει ότι εάν οι διμερείς συνομιλίες για την οριοθέτηση υφαλοκρηπίδας-ΑΟΖ δεν καταλήξουν, να παραπέμψουν το ζήτημα στη Χάγη. Μπορεί ο Ράμα να κάνει “τσαλίμια”, αλλά δεν μπορεί τελικώς να υπεκφύγει από αυτό τον δρόμο. Ο δε σεβασμός των δικαιωμάτων της ελληνικής μειονότητας στη Βόρειο Ήπειρο και ειδικά το ζήτημα της λεηλασίας των περιουσιών της δεν είναι ενδεχόμενο αντάλλαγμα προς την Ελλάδα. Είναι υποχρέωση της Αλβανίας και πρέπει να είναι απαράβατος όρος για την προώθηση της ενταξιακής πορείας της προς την ΕΕ.

Η πολιτική της Δύσης στα Βαλκάνια υπαγορευόταν πάντα από την επιδίωξη να εκτοπιστεί η ρωσική επιρροή από την περιοχή. Μετά την κατάρρευση του Ανατολικού Συνασπισμού, αυτή η επιδίωξη –μεταξύ άλλων– οδήγησε στη διάλυση της Γιουγκοσλαβίας, στη συμφωνία του Ντέιτον (1995), με την οποία ιδρύθηκε το θνησιγενές κράτος της Βοσνίας-Ερζεγοβίνης, στον βομβαρδισμό της Σερβίας και στο αποσχισθέν Κόσοβο (1999), στη συμφωνία της Αχρίδας (2001) μεταξύ του σλαβικού και του αλβανικού στοιχείου της τότε FYROM και πιο πρόσφατα στη Συμφωνία των Πρεσπών (2018).

Για τον ίδιο λόγο τώρα η κυβέρνηση Μπάιντεν, με τη σύμπραξη Ευρωπαίων, πιέζει για την διπλωματική αναγνώριση του Κοσόβου από όσα δυτικά και φιλοδυτικά κράτη δεν το έχουν ήδη αναγνωρίσει. Στον χορό μπήκε τις τελευταίες ημέρες και το Ισραήλ, παρότι η σερβική πρεσβεία είχε συμφωνηθεί να μετακινηθεί στην Ιερουσαλήμ. Υπενθυμίζουμε ότι –με πράσινο φως από τη Δύση– το Κόσοβο ανακηρύχθηκε ανεξάρτητο κράτος το 2008. Μέχρι τότε, ήταν προτεκτοράτο του ΟΗΕ, στην πραγματικότητα της Δύσης.

Το Κόσοβο έχουν αναγνωρίσει 98 από τα 193 κράτη-μέλη του ΟΗΕ, 22 από τα 27 της ΕΕ, 26 από τα 30 κράτη-μέλη του ΝΑΤΟ και 34 από τα 57 κράτη-μέλη του Οργανισμού Ισλαμικής Διάσκεψης. Όπως προκύπτει από τα παραπάνω, η διεθνής κοινότητα είναι διχασμένη, ακόμα και σε ΕΕ και ΝΑΤΟ υπάρχουν κράτη που για διάφορους λόγους δεν έχουν κάνει το βήμα.

Ο βασικός λόγος είναι πως το Κόσοβο προέκυψε ως κράτος μετά τον ακρωτηριασμό της Σερβίας, ο οποίος προέκυψε από τη στρατιωτική επέμβαση της Δύσης. Με άλλα λόγια, αρκετά κράτη δεν θέλουν να νομιμοποιήσουν μία πράξη, η οποία καταπάτησε ωμά την αρχή για το απαραβίαστο των συνόρων (την έχει υπογράψει η Δύση) κι αναπόφευκτα δημιουργεί προηγούμενο, το οποίο μπορεί να βρει μιμητές. Η Ισπανία δεν αναγνωρίζει το Κόσοβο λόγω Καταλονίας και η Ρουμανία λόγω Υπερδνειστερίας.

Είναι προφανές γιατί η Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία δεν αναγνωρίζει το Κόσοβο. Αλλά και η Ελλάδα αν το αναγνωρίσει, με ποιο επιχείρημα θα διαμαρτυρηθεί αύριο αν αναγνωρισθεί το τουρκοκυπριακό ψευδοκράτος; Επιπλέον, δεν πρέπει να μας διαφεύγει ότι οι Τούρκοι ονειρεύονται να επαναλάβουν στη Θράκη όσα έπραξαν το 1974 στην Κύπρο. Όπως και εκεί, έτσι και εδώ θα επικαλεστούν ως πρόσχημα τη μουσουλμανική μειονότητα.

Δυτικές πιέσεις για το Κόσοβο
Αν και το εθνικό συμφέρον είναι ξεκάθαρα κατά της αναγνώρισης, η Ελλάδα πιέζεται και από την Ουάσινγκτον και από την ΕΕ να αναγνωρίσει το Κόσοβο και μάλιστα χωρίς ανταλλάγματα. Αναμφίβολα, στο Κόσοβο έχουν δημιουργηθεί πολιτικά και διπλωματικά τετελεσμένα, τα οποία ωθούν προς την αναγνώριση. Το ίδιο, όμως, ισχύει και για την κατεχόμενη Κύπρο. Κατά συνέπεια, αυτό δεν είναι ένα επιχείρημα, το οποίο μπορεί να επικαλεστεί η Αθήνα.

Από την άλλη πλευρά, διαδοχικές ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν ανοίξει διαύλους με την Πρίστινα και έχουν κάνει βήματα ανάπτυξης των διμερών σχέσεων, χωρίς, όμως, να κάνουν το οριστικό βήμα της επίσημης αναγνώρισης, κυρίως λόγω Κύπρου. Κατά τα άλλα, για την Ελλάδα το πρόβλημα δεν αφορά μόνο τη σχέση της με ένα –έστω και ημιαναγνωρισμένο διεθνώς– κράτος της περιοχής. Στην πραγματικότητα αφορά τη σχέση της με την Αλβανία και τη Σερβία, σε ποιο σημείο θα ισορροπήσει μεταξύ τους.

Γιατί ο εμβολιασμός (ή όχι) δεν είναι ατομικό δικαίωμα
Με τη Σερβία υπάρχουν ιστορικοί δεσμοί, αφού τα δύο έθνη ήταν πάντα στην ίδια πλευρά στους πολέμους. Η Αθήνα έχει κάθε λόγο να διατηρεί καλές σχέσεις με το Βελιγράδι, αλλά όχι συναισθηματικές υπερβολές. Υπενθυμίζουμε πως η Σερβία είχε αναγνωρίσει εξαρχής τα Σκόπια σαν “Μακεδονία”, επειδή έκρινε ότι αυτό υπαγόρευαν τα συμφέροντά της. Κατά συνέπεια, η ελληνική στάση στο ζήτημα του Κοσόβου πρέπει να καθορισθεί από το τι εξυπηρετεί τα ελληνικά συμφέροντα, σταθμίζοντας συνολικά όλους τους παράγοντες.

Οι δύσκολες ελληνοαλβανικές σχέσεις
Οι ελληνοαλβανικές σχέσεις έχουν αρνητικό ιστορικό, αλλά και σήμερα είναι δύσκολες. Η “μεγάλη ιδέα” των Αλβανών είναι η “Μεγάλη Αλβανία”, η ένωση με το Κόσοβο και η ενσωμάτωση στο κοινό κράτος του αλβανικού στοιχείου αφενός της Βόρειας Μακεδονίας, αφετέρου της νότιας Σερβίας (Πρέσεβο και Μπουγιάνοβατς), ενώ αναφορές γίνονται και για τη Θεσπρωτία, όπου, όμως, δεν υπάρχει αλβανικό στοιχείο.

Η Ελλάδα έχει πρόσθετο στόχο να είναι επιφυλακτική με την Αλβανία, παρότι φιλοξενεί τα τελευταία 30 χρόνια εκατοντάδες χιλιάδες Αλβανούς οικονομικούς μετανάστες. Τα Τίρανα έχουν την τάση –περισσότερο ή λιγότερο ανάλογα με την εκάστοτε κυβέρνηση– να αναπτύσσουν προνομιακές σχέσεις με την Άγκυρα, θεωρώντας ότι κατ’ αυτόν τον τρόπο εξισορροπούν την ιστορικά υπαρκτή (Βορειοηπειρωτικό), αλλά σήμερα ανύπαρκτη ελληνική πίεση. Στο πλαίσιο αυτό έχει αναβιώσει στην Αλβανία μία σύγχρονη εκδοχή ανθελληνικού “τουρκαλβανισμού”.

Για τους Τούρκους, η προνομιακή σχέση με την Αλβανία (διμερής στρατιωτική συνεργασία και τουρκική ναυτική βάση στον Αυλώνα) είναι ένας τρόπος “περικύκλωσης” της Ελλάδας. Προς την ίδια κατεύθυνση –εκτός των άλλων σκοπιμοτήτων– λειτουργεί και η τουρκική στρατιωτική παρουσία στη Λιβύη. Δεν είναι τυχαίο ότι μετά από δύο αιώνες ο τουρκικός στόλος πραγματοποιεί ασκήσεις νότια και δυτικά της Ελλάδας.

Το αντάλλαγμα για την αναγνώριση
Αν και τρεις δεκαετίες μετά την πτώση του καθεστώτος Χότζα, η Αλβανία παραμένει ένα ιδιαιτέρως προβληματικό κράτος, ο αλβανικός παράγοντας είναι σημαντικός για τις ισορροπίες στα Βαλκάνια. Η δε διεθνής αναγνώριση του Κοσόβου είναι βασική συνιστώσα του. Όπως προανέφερα, λόγω Κύπρου, η Ελλάδα έχει ισχυρό λόγο να μην προχωρήσει σε αναγνώριση.

Από την άλλη, η πίεση που δέχεται η Αθήνα από ΗΠΑ και Ευρωπαίους εταίρους είναι έντονη. Και όπως γνωρίζουμε ούτε οι προηγούμενες, ούτε η παρούσα ελληνική κυβέρνηση διακρίνονται για την αντίστασή τους σε δυτικές πιέσεις. Αυτό πρακτικά σημαίνει ότι το ενδεχόμενο η Ελλάδα να αναγνωρίσει προσεχώς το Κόσοβο δεν μπορεί να αποκλεισθεί, αν και το πιθανότερο είναι η αναβάθμιση των σχέσεων Αθήνας-Πρίστινας, χωρίς όμως την de jure αναγνώριση.

Νέο βουλγαρικό χτύπημα στα Σκόπια, μία ημέρα πριν τις εκλογές
Αμέσως μετά την ανακήρυξη της ανεξαρτησίας (2008), η Δύση αναζητούσε κράτη να αναγνωρίσουν το Κόσοβο. Τότε, είχα υποστηρίξει ότι η Ελλάδα θα μπορούσε να το αναγνωρίσει, θέτοντας ως όρο (αντάλλαγμα) τα Τίρανα, η Πρίστινα, η αλβανική κοινότητα της τότε FYROM, αλλά και ΗΠΑ και ΕΕ, να ταχθούν επισήμως υπέρ μίας λύσης του Μακεδονικού, η οποία να στηρίζεται σε δύο πυλώνες:

Πρώτον, το όνομα του κράτους να είναι σύνθετη ονομασία με γεωγραφικό προσδιορισμό, κατά προτίμηση Άνω Μακεδονία, με την ιθαγένεια ως παράγωγο της κρατικής ονομασίας (ανωμακεδονική).
Δεύτερον, οι δύο εθνότητες να είναι η σλαβομακεδονική (σλαβομακεδονική και η γλώσσα της) και η αλβανική (αλβανική η γλώσσα της).
Εάν ο αλβανικός παράγοντας και η Δύση υιοθετούσαν –όπως ήταν πιθανόν εκείνη την περίοδο– αυτή τη θέση, θα ήταν πολύ δύσκολο για τους Σλαβομακεδόνες (ακόμα και για την τότε κυβέρνηση Γκρουέφσκι) να την αγνοήσουν. Η δε Δύση θα είχε κίνητρο να πιέσει προς αυτή την κατεύθυνση τα Σκόπια και πάντως το πολιτικό της δημιούργημα, τον Ζόραν Ζάεφ. Με άλλα λόγια, πιθανότατα το Μακεδονικό να είχε πάρει άλλη τροπή και να μην είχαμε φθάσει ποτέ στη Συμφωνία των Πρεσπών, με την οποία η Ελλάδα (Τσίπρας-Κοτζιάς) παρέδωσε στους Σλαβομακεδόνες τη μακεδονική ταυτότητα.

Οριοθέτηση ΑΟΖ και ελληνική μειονότητα
Αυτά, ωστόσο, αφορούν στο παρελθόν. Ας σημειωθεί ότι ο Κοτζιάς είχε συζητήσει το ενδεχόμενο η Ελλάδα να αναγνωρίσει το Κόσοβο, με “αντάλλαγμα”, η Αλβανία να συμφωνήσει για την οριοθέτηση ΑΟΖ-υφαλοκρηπίδας. Και λέμε “αντάλλαγμα”, επειδή η συμφωνία οριοθέτησης είναι μία αναγκαία διευθέτηση μεταξύ δύο κρατών κι όχι αλβανικό αντάλλαγμα προς την Ελλάδα.

Τώρα, Ελλάδα και Αλβανία έχουν συμφωνήσει ότι εάν οι διμερείς συνομιλίες για την οριοθέτηση υφαλοκρηπίδας-ΑΟΖ δεν καταλήξουν, να παραπέμψουν το ζήτημα στη Χάγη. Μπορεί ο Ράμα να κάνει “τσαλίμια”, αλλά δεν μπορεί τελικώς να υπεκφύγει από αυτό τον δρόμο. Ο δε σεβασμός των δικαιωμάτων της ελληνικής μειονότητας στη Βόρειο Ήπειρο και ειδικά το ζήτημα της λεηλασίας των περιουσιών της δεν είναι ενδεχόμενο αντάλλαγμα προς την Ελλάδα. Είναι υποχρέωση της Αλβανίας και πρέπει να είναι απαράβατος όρος για την προώθηση της ενταξιακής πορείας της προς την ΕΕ.

Τώρα, σε διακρατικό επίπεδο, τα Τίρανα και η Πρίστινα δεν έχουν να προσφέρουν στην Αθήνα απτό και μη αντιστρέψιμο αντάλλαγμα που να εξισορροπεί πολιτικά το γεγονός ότι η εκ μέρους της αναγνώριση του Κοσόβου δημιουργεί αρνητικό προηγούμενο για την Κύπρο και επιπροσθέτως επιβαρύνει τις σχέσεις με το Βελιγράδι. Το παράθυρο ευκαιρίας για να μετατρέψουμε τον αλβανικό παράγοντα σε σύμμαχο στο Μακεδονικό κράτησε μία δεκαετία (2008-2018), αλλά δυστυχώς η Αθήνα το άφησε ανεκμετάλλευτο. Πλέον, το πουλάκι έχει πετάξει…

Saturday, July 10, 2021

Hungary sets up new road block to Tirana’s and Skopje’s EU accession process

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For the North Macedonians and Albanians, Orban’s statement that EU expansion into the Western Balkans is impossible without Serbia will be another blow to their aspirations. With Albania facing resistance from Greece due to persecutions against the Greek National Minority in southern Albania, and North Macedonia facing opposition from Bulgaria, Hungary has added another dimension to the EU’s hopes of expansion into the Western Balkans.

by PAUL ANTONOPOULOS

Albania North Macedonia EU European Union flags Hungary
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who met with Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić in Belgrade on Thursday, told Brussels that it must be aware that there will be no European Union accession for Western Balkan countries without the central state of the region – Serbia. Such a message from Orban must be taken seriously considering Hungary has veto rights in the EU and will certainly take advantage of it, especially as the prime minister attempts to position his country as a key player in the region.

Hungary’s position within the EU is strengthening because of its independent policy, thus causing immense frustration in Western Europe. Budapest’s position is partly based on cooperation with Visegrad Group members (V4), consisting of four Central European countries – Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Through V4, these countries are furthering Central European integration, including in the economic and energy spheres. Hungary is also becoming a more active regional player in the Balkans, especially through their cooperation with Serbia.

The relations between Serbia and Hungary are at the highest possible level today, whether it be economic, political or cultural. The two countries have a number of regional projects that connect them, perhaps the most important being the Turk Stream gas pipeline, which was only recently realized. With Serbia becoming an energy hub for the Balkans and Central Europe, Hungary has become Serbia’s most reliable partner in the region.

For his part, Vučić said to Orban: “Many say that they support Serbia’s path to the EU, but few act bravely and openly, ready to suffer criticism because of Serbia, as you do.”

EU Needs Serbia, 'Key to Western Balkans', Orban Says | Balkan Insight
Victor Orban (left) and Aleksandr Vučić (right).
He also pointed out that Hungary was once Serbia’s 13th largest trading partner but today is fifth. This is only going to increase, especially when the construction of the Belgrade to Budapest high-speed railway line is complete. The highspeed railway line between Belgrade and Novi Sad, Serbia’s second city located between Belgrade and Hungary, will be completed by the end of the year. Construction for the section between Novi Sad and Subotica, Serbia’s border city with Hungary, will begin in September.

Both Novi Sad and Subotica are in Serbia’s northern Vojvodina autonomous region, which has a significant Hungarian minority of about 250,000 people, or 13% of the population in the region. The cooperation that Belgrade has with the Hungarian minority in Vojvodina contributes to the trust between Serbia and Hungary as minorities live without persecution or harassment from the state, something that Orban identifies.

The biggest impact of Orban’s visit was his statement: “I understand Serbia and I think that it should be admitted to the EU because it is the central country of the Western Balkans, without whose accession to the EU there will be no admission for others. Serbia is a key country.”

The EU is attempting to fast-track Albania’s and North Macedonia’s accession into the bloc without any consideration for Serbia despite being the economic powerhouse of the Western Balkans.

Greece long objected North Macedonia’s accession because of the name dispute, but with that issue mostly resolved following the 2018 Prespa Agreement, it appeared the path was clear. However, in November 2020, Bulgaria effectively blocked the official start of North Macedonia’s EU Accession Negotiations because of Skopje’s violations of the 2017 Friendship Treaty between the two countries, with Sofia claiming its western neighbour is engaging in state-supported hate speech and minority claims against Bulgaria.

Bulgaria even escalated the breakdown in relations by claiming that there is no Macedonian language, but rather the language of North Macedonia is a Bulgarian dialect, a sentiment seemingly shared last week by the Portuguese Deputy Foreign Minister Ana Paula Zacarias, Secretary of State for European Affairs.

The Portuguese official, whose country holds the presidency of the EU, commented that: “Negotiations between North Macedonia and Bulgaria are difficult… obviously related to the language of North Macedonia, which previously was Bulgarian.”

For the North Macedonians and Albanians, Orban’s statement that EU expansion into the Western Balkans is impossible without Serbia will be another blow to their aspirations. With Albania facing resistance from Greece due to persecutions against the Greek National Minority in southern Albania, and North Macedonia facing opposition from Bulgaria, Hungary has added another dimension to the EU’s hopes of expansion into the Western Balkans.

EU blocks Albania and North Macedonia membership bids - BBC News

In this way, not only does Orban help strengthen Serbia’s position in Europe, particularly in its relations with Brussels, but he also positions Hungary as the leading state of Central Europe that wields significant influence in not only V4, but also the Balkans. It is likely that this will cause further tensions between Budapest and Brussels as Western Europe becomes increasingly frustrated that they are restricted from expanding their own influence because of a relatively small Central European country.

Sunday, June 20, 2021

Ο Ράμα ζητά πολεμικές αποζημιώσεις ως αντάλλαγμα για την Χάγη

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 Επικαιρότητα  Reporter  Παρασκευή 18 Ιουνίου 2021, 23:00  Himara

ΠΕΡΙΠΛΟΚΕΣ ΣΧΕΤΙΚΩΣ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΗΝ ΑΡΣΗ ΤΟΥ ΕΜΠΟΛΕΜΟΥ ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΑΛΒΑΝΙΑ

Πολεμικές αποζημιώσεις ζητεί ο Ράμα ως αντάλλαγμα για την Χάγη

Οι απαιτήσεις για επιστροφή περιουσιών υπό μεσεγγύησιν

ΤΕΛΙΚΩΣ η προσφυγή στην Χάγη για την οριοθέτηση των θαλασσίων ζωνών στο Ιόνιο δεν είναι τόσο απλή υπόθεσις όσο πίστευαν ορισμένοι. Ήτο πράγματι έκπληξις το γεγονός ότι η Αλβανία και μάλιστα υπό την ηγεσία του μηχανορράφου ῎Εντι Ράμα συνεφώνησε τόσο απλά σε μια νομότυπη διαδικασία η οποία συμφώνως προς όλες τις προβλέψεις θα δικαίωνε τις ελληνικές θέσεις. Όμως δεν συνεφώνησε «τόσο απλά». Ζητεί ανταλλάγματα. Και δεν είναι η πρώτη φορά. Συνήθως η Αλβανία λειτουργεί σε λογική συναλλαγών. Το ερώτημα είναι εάν οι απαιτήσεις της κινούνται εντός λογικού πλαισίου. Κάτι που συνήθως δεν συμβαίνει. Ακόμη και όταν οι απαιτήσεις είναι μόνον οικονομικές.

Είναι γεγονός ότι ο Έντι Ράμα, ο οποίος έθεσε ζήτημα αποζημιώσεως περιουσιών που απωλέσθησαν ή κατεστράφησαν κατά τον πόλεμο, δεν ετόλμησε να ομιλήσει για τις περιουσίες των Τσάμηδων. Κάτι τέτοιο δεν υπήρχε επ' ουδενί περίπτωσις να γίνει δεκτό από την Ελλάδα. «Περιορίσθηκε» λοιπόν να ζητήσει ως αντάλλαγμα για να υπογράψει το συνυποσχετικό, που είναι απαραίτητο για την Χάγη, την αποζημίωση για περιουσίες που τελούσαν υπό μεσεγγύησιν από τον καιρό του πολέμου.

Βεβαίως το γνωρίζαμε ότι υπάρχει τέτοια απαίτησις. Ο Έντι Ράμα την είχε θέσει και κατά το παρελθόν προς τον τότε υπουργό Εξωτερικών Νίκο Κοτζιά στο πλαίσιο της συζητήσεως για την άρση του εμπολέμου μεταξύ των δύο χωρών.

Τότε, την κατάσταση «έσωσε» ο Πρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας Προκόπης Παυλόπουλος, ο οποίος εξήγησε στην κυβέρνηση της εποχής αφ' ενός ότι κάτι τέτοιο θα άνοιγε τον ασκό του Αιόλου –οπότε μπορεί να αποκτούσαν εφαλτήριο και οι Τσάμηδες για τις δικές του διεκδικήσεις– αφ' ετέρου και τα χρήματα που θα απητούντο δεν είναι καθόλου ευκαταφρόνητα. Κάποιοι ομιλούν για δεκάδες ή και εκατοντάδες εκατομμυρίων ευρώ. Και το χειρότερο είναι ότι «παράθυρα» στην απαίτηση αυτή έχει ανοίξει μία, μάλλον κακοδιατυπωμένη, απόφασις του Συμβουλίου της Επικρατείας.

Τίθεται λοιπόν το ερώτημα, για ποιόν λόγο η Κυβέρνησις έσπευσε να ομιλήσει για συμφωνία με την Αλβανία και συνυποσχετικό για την Χάγη; Ήταν πρόθυμη να υποχωρήσει στον εκβιασμό του Έντι Ράμα προκειμένου να φθάσουμε στο διεθνές δικαστήριο για την οριοθέτηση των θαλασσίων ζωνών; Και για ποιόν λόγο, τίποτε από αυτά δεν έγινε δημοσίως γνωστό; Για ποιόν λόγο οι Έλληνες αφέθησαν να πιστεύουν ότι θα πηγαίναμε στην Χάγη με ένα καλή τη πίστει συνυποσχετικό που θα υπέγραφε η Αλβανία;

Δυστυχώς, καλή πίστη η Αλβανία ουδέποτε επέδειξε. Ούτε ακόμη και όσον αφορά τον σεβασμό των δικαιωμάτων των Βορειοηπειρωτών, των οποίων κλείνει τις Εκκλησίες και αρπάζει τις περιουσίες. Για να μην πούμε και τα χειρότερα, των οποίων κορυφή του παγόβουνου μόνον είναι η δολοφονία του Κωνσταντίνου Κατσίφα, ο οποίος τρία σχεδόν χρόνια μετά παραμένει αδικαίωτος!

Εν αντιθέσει με εμάς, οι Αλβανοί δεν ξεχνούν τίποτε. Συνεχίζουν να επικαλούνται μεσεγγυήσεις και να διεκδικούν αποζημιώσεις. Πόσες αποζημιώσεις θα έπρεπε να ζητεί όμως η Ελλάς, εξ ονόματος των Βορειοηπειρωτών για όσα έχουν υποστεί από το αλβανικό καθεστώς, πρωτοστατούντος σήμερα του Ράμα;

Πηγή: Εφημερίδα Εστία

Thursday, June 10, 2021

"NATO would not react if Milosevic accepted Rambouillet Agreement"

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If the former Yugoslav leadership had accepted the Rambouillet agreement, it wouldn't have been possible for NATO operation to be implemented, Wesley Clark said

SOURCE: TANJUG THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 2021 | 10:15

Clark said that the intervention ended, as he claims, the ethnic cleansing that was happening at that moment, and that the citizens of Kosovo were given the opportunity to establish security and democracy.

Clark, however, believes that "the job is not finished yet", because there are still tensions between Serbia and Kosovo, and as he says, tensions exist between Bulgaria and North Macedonia, as well as in the Balkans.

Clark claims that "the agreement offered to President Slobodan Milosevic was basically identical to the agreement envisaged for Bosnia and Herzegovina."

He estimates that Milosevic was rather "conceited". "When NATO troops were to be transferred to Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1995, Milosevic agreed and said that this could be done through the territory of Serbia.

Four years later, he changed his mind, rejecting everything offered. He sabotaged relations, negotiations and in fact made conflict inevitable. And he stubbornly persisted in that", Clark claims.

He also claims that the airstrikes "were directed against the then political regime."

He says that Milosevic did not change his mind and resorted to armed conflict.

"His troops committed numerous brutalities in Kosovo, so he made the outcome inevitable," Clark said, adding that after only a few days, it became clear to the Alliance that Milosevic must give up Kosovo.

"If he had not resorted to weapons, reconciliation might have been possible, there might have been more peace today, there would have been no current tensions," Clark said, adding that Serbian military and police forces had withdrawn from Kosovo, but that Serbia is still ubiquitously dissatisfied with the outcome.

Asked by Voice of America if there were words of consolation for citizens who had nothing to do with Milosevic, but they and their families suffered, Clark said that "the 1990s were difficult years for Serbs".

Clark also says he felt 'horrified' about the civilian casualties caused by their misdirection. He said there were things they did wrong during the campaign and people lost their lives. The NATO intervention began on March 24, ending on June 10, 1999, and the decision to intervene, without the consent of the United Nations, was taken after unsuccessful negotiations in Rambouillet and Paris, in February and March 1999.

Wednesday, June 9, 2021

Executive Order on Blocking Property And Suspending Entry Into The United States Of Certain Persons Contributing To The Destabilizing Situation In The Western Balkans

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Eventually, what was expected happened. If Greece has left Albania free to do what it wants with Himara where ethnic Greeks live and has not stopped the actions of the Albanian governments (this includes all the assets of the Greeks from Vlora to Saranda and Eksamil), the USA has presented the revenge plan for politicians and mafia gangs who have looted Greek property and nationalized them with unconstitutional laws, while alienating them by building villas and hotels, selling them or doing business. But Stop. From now on, from President Biden's decision, Himara will have special protection (USA, NATO), and whoever dares, whether politicians or mafia groups, will be punished. Only in this way will the dignity of Himara be restored, which will remain, as it were, free and prosperous....




JUNE 08, 2021

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

I, JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR., President of the United States of America, hereby expand the scope of the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13219 of June 26, 2001 (Blocking Property of Persons Who Threaten International Stabilization Efforts in the Western Balkans), as amended by Executive Order 13304 of May 28, 2003 (Termination of Emergencies With Respect to Yugoslavia and Modification of Executive Order 13219 of June 26, 2001), finding that the situation in the territory of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Albania (the Western Balkans), over the past two decades, including the undermining of post-war agreements and institutions following the breakup of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, as well as widespread corruption within various governments and institutions in the Western Balkans, stymies progress toward effective and democratic governance and full integration into transatlantic institutions, and thereby constitutes an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. 

Accordingly, I hereby order:

Section 1.  (a)  All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:  any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:
          (i)    to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or territorial integrity of any area or state in the Western Balkans;
          (ii)   to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in the Western Balkans;
          (iii)  to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, a violation of, or an act that has obstructed or threatened the implementation of, any regional security, peace, cooperation, or mutual recognition agreement or framework or accountability mechanism related to the Western Balkans, including the Prespa Agreement of 2018; the Ohrid Framework Agreement of 2001; United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244; the Dayton Accords; or the Conclusions of the Peace Implementation Conference Council held in London in December 1995, including the decisions or conclusions of the High Representative, the Peace Implementation Council, or its Steering Board; or the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, or, with respect to the former Yugoslavia, the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals;
          (iv)   to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, serious human rights abuse in the Western Balkans;
          (v)    to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, corruption related to the Western Balkans, including corruption by, on behalf of, or otherwise related to a government in the Western Balkans, or a current or former government official at any level of government in the Western Balkans, such as the misappropriation of public assets, expropriation of private assets for personal gain or political purposes, or bribery;
          (vi)   to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or 
          (vii)  to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.
     (b)  The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted before the date of this order. 

Sec. 2.  The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include:
     (a)  the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and
     (b)  the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 3.  I hereby determine that the making of donations of the types of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to section 1(a) of this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13219, as amended by Executive Order 13304, and as expanded in this order, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.

Sec. 4.  (a)  The unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of noncitizens determined to meet one or more of the criteria in section l(a) of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and the entry of such persons into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, is hereby suspended, except when the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Homeland Security, as appropriate, determines that the person’s entry would not be contrary to the interests of the United States, including when the Secretary of State or Secretary of Homeland Security, as appropriate, so determines, based on a recommendation of the Attorney General, that the person’s entry would further important United States law enforcement objectives. 
     (b)  The Secretary of State shall implement this order as it applies to visas pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish. 
     (c)  The Secretary of Homeland Security shall implement this order as it applies to the entry of noncitizens pursuant to such procedures as the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, may establish.
     (d)  Such persons shall be treated by this section in the same manner as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).

Sec. 5.  (a)  Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
     (b)  Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 6.  For the purposes of this order:
     (a)  the term “entity” means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
     (b)  the term “noncitizen” means any person who is not a citizen or noncitizen national of the United States;
     (c)  the term “person” means an individual or entity; and
     (d)  the term “United States person” means any United States citizen, lawful permanent resident, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

Sec. 7.  For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual.  I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13219, as amended by Executive Order 13304, and as expanded by this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to this order.

Sec. 8.  The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order.  The Secretary of the Treasury may, consistent with applicable law, redelegate any of these functions within the Department of the Treasury.  All executive departments and agencies of the United States shall take all appropriate measures within their authority to implement this order.

Sec. 9.  Nothing in this order shall prohibit transactions for the conduct of the official business of the Federal Government by employees, grantees, or contractors thereof.

Sec. 10.  (a)  Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
          (i)   the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or
          (ii)  the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
     (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
     (c)  This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.                       

JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR. 

THE WHITE HOUSE,
    June 8, 2021.

Wednesday, June 2, 2021

Vučić: "If Kurti doesn't like it, he can try to do something. I wouldn't advise him"

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The meeting between the President of the Republic of Serbia, Aleksandar Vučić, and the delegation of the Republic of Srpska ended.

SOURCE: B92 WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 2021 | 12:50
 
The delegation from Banja Luka is led by the Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Milorad Dodik, and the President of the Republic of Srpska, Zeljka Cvijanovic.

The meeting was held in the building of the General Secretariat of the President of the Republic of Serbia.

In addition to Vučić, the meeting is also attended by the Prime Minister of Serbia, Ana Brnabić, as well as Ministers Nikola Selaković and Aleksandar Vulin.

After the meeting, the President of Serbia said that there were talks on important issues.

"These are not easy and simple days for the Serbian people. It seems that it is allowed to say anything against Serbia... Everyone is silent," Vucic said at the press conference.

"The fact is that (Albin) Kurti is blackmailing us, but I will treat him like any representative of temporary institutions. If he doesn't like it, he can try to do something. I wouldn't advise him," Vucic added.

Speaking about the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Vučić announced that according to the annex to the agreement, he will ask for daily reports and express his views and listen if RS has something to say about it.

After the meeting, Dodik said that the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina should be abolished and pointed out that his party did not want to abolish the Dayton Agreement.

"We are not the anti-Dayton party in Bosnia-Herzegovina," he said.

Tuesday, June 1, 2021

"Recognition of Kosovo? I would be surprised"

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US Special Representative for the Western Balkans Matthew Palmer said in Pristina that the best way to end the dialogue would be for Serbia to recognize Kosovo.

SOURCE: KOSOVO ONLINE WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 2021 | 07:02

However, US Balkan expert Daniel Serwer is pessimistic about mutual recognition.

Serwer told RTV "Dukagjini" that, although Biden administration took the job of dialogue more seriously, he does not expect recognition in the near future, reports Kosovo online.

"I don't think an agreement can be reached in the near future. I would be surprised if any other developments happen in the next meetings. I think the Biden administration is much more committed to recognizing Kosovo's independence and sovereignty within its current borders, but I doubt it will happen any time soon. It's best to ask Lajcak and Palmer. Some new arrangements are possible on things like missing people and finances, but I doubt there will be a recognition agreement," Serwer concluded.

Monday, May 31, 2021

Albanian parties against free transit of Serbs through North Macedonia

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The Albanian parties Alliance for Albanians and Alternative in North Macedonia want to challenge the decision on free tolls for drivers from Serbia.

SOURCE: NOVOSTI MONDAY, MAY 31, 2021 | 08:40

Namely, Prime Minister Zoran Zaev made the decision to introduce relief for the citizens of Serbia during the summer season in gratitude for the donated contingents of vaccines against coronavirus infection, Belgrade media report.

The opposition Coalition of the Alliance for Albanians and Alternatives, as announced in Skopje, submitted an initiative to the Constitutional Court of North Macedonia to assess the legality of the Government's decision exempting Serbian citizens from paying tolls in transit through this country, Novosti reports.

The basis of the initiative submitted to the Constitutional Court lies in the allegations that the government's decision is contrary to the Law on Tolls, and at the same time, as it is claimed, puts the country's citizens, as well as foreign citizens from neighboring countries in transit through North Macedonia in an unequal position.

"By deciding to allocate 200.000 toll exemption cards for tourists from Serbia, the government discriminates against all other neighbors from which the country also benefits, through cooperation and good neighborly relations. The Ministry of Finance will spend almost three million euros on these cards, money from our fellow citizens, which came as a consequence of the inability of the Government and the Ministry of Health to provide vaccines against COVID-19", the Albanian opposition parties said in a statement, calling on the Skopje administration to change the decision.

As a sign of gratitude to Serbia for the donated vaccines against coronavirus, the Government of North Macedonia decided on May 25 that Serbian tourists in transit through this country be exempted from paying tolls in the period from June 15 to August 15, 2021.

The information of the Public Company for State Roads and the Ministry of Transport and Communications on the preparation of 200.000 electronic cards "M-smart card" for passenger motor vehicles of tourists from Serbia in transit on Corridor 10 during the summer season was adopted.

Friday, May 28, 2021

Serbian Patriarch Porfirije is surprised, worried and regrets Krivokapic's decision

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Serbian Orthodox Church made a statement regarding the meeting between Montenegrin Prime Minister Zdravko Krivokapic and Patriarch Porfirije on Thursday.

SOURCE: B92 FRIDAY, MAY 28, 2021 | 11:00

According to the statement, the topic of conversation was the Basic Agreement between the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Government of Montenegro. The meeting was also attended by Metropolitan Chrysostom of Dabar-Bosnia, Bishop Jovan of Šumadija and Bishop Joanikije of the eparchy of Budimlja-Nikšić.

"In the morning of the same day, representatives of the Holy Synod of Bishops and the Government of the Republic of Montenegro fully agreed on the text of the Basic Agreement between the Serbian Orthodox Church and the state of Montenegro. Representatives of the Government of Podgorica then confirmed that Mr. Krivokapić will arrive to Belgrade in the afternoon to solemnly sign the Basic Agreement with His Holiness the Serbian Patriarch Porfirije.

After several hours of delay and informing the head of the Serbian Church about a number of completely different reasons for the delay in departure from Podgorica, Krivokapić arrived at the agreed meeting at around 9 p.m. The Prime Minister of the Government in Podgorica presented new and so far unspoken reasons why he believes that the signing of the Agreement must be postponed", the statement reads.

The Serbian Orthodox Church issued a statement after the meeting, stating that the Patriarch "patiently listened to the new reasons and was surprised and did not see any reason or justification for Prime Minister Krivokapic’s intention not to sign the Agreement, which was the only reason for his arrival at the Patriarchal Palace in Belgrade".

"His Holiness and the bishops expressed concern for the position of the Serbian Orthodox Church and its faithful as the only church that did has not signed an agreement to guarantee its legal position, which is an act of open discrimination. The SPC and its faithful will not give up on the defense of its rights and holy sites", the statement said.

In the meantime, the Prime Minister of Montenegro, Zdravko Krivokapić, also issued a statement.

Pomaks declare Turkish FM Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu persona non grata: “YOU ARE UNWANTED!”

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by PAUL ANTONOPOULOS

The reactions of Pomaks (Slavic-speaking Muslims in Greece’s Western Thrace region) against their labelling as “Turks” by Turkey continues in view of the forthcoming visit of Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu on Sunday.

After the Cultural Association of Pomaks of Xanthi, which emphasised that “we are Pomaks and Greek citizens, not Turkish,” an announcement was issued by the Panhellenic Association of Pomaks.

In fact, the statement was so harsh that they declared Çavuşoğlu a “persona non grata” (ie. not welcome) to the Pomak villages of Xanthi.

An announced by the president of the Association, Imam Ahmed, states, as reported by Foni Rodopis:

“Mr. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, YOU ARE UNWANTED!

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, Mr. Mevlüt Çavuşoğl, expressing the history of our proud people, the voice of the free Pomaks, the memory of our girls who were crushed by the dozens of mountain peaks of the Rhodope Mountains and the Ottoman conquerors, the conscience of Pomak activists who in recent decades, have faced racist violence, beatings, threats, social and economic exclusion from paid representatives of your country’s nationalism, supporters of fascism/terrorism: YOU ARE UNDESIRABLE IN POMAKOCHORIA [A collection of Pomak villagers].

THE ONLY REASON FOR WHICH YOU SHOULD VISIT OUR HEROIC VILLAGES, WOULD BE TO ASK FOR A DEEP AND SINCERE APOLOGY FOR WHAT YOU HAVE DONE.

The democratic and civilized country of Australia established MAY 26 as a DAY OF NATIONAL APOLOGY for the atrocities committed by the colonial ancestors of today’s Australians against the aboriginal inhabitants.

It is a great opportunity to enter the realm of civilized countries, following the example of Australia, asking us Indigenous Thracians, for FORGIVENESS!

Otherwise, you are UNWANTED in Pomakochoria, you are a PERSONA NON GRATA!

Instead of the Pomak villages, we recommend you visit the blood-stained villages of the Kurds of Turkey and Syria, visiting the graves of the hundreds of thousands of murdered citizens, but also the democratic journalists and politicians of Turkey, who are rotting in your state prisons, and whose children and grandchildren you killed as well as all those who persecute the regime of your country en masse and by any means.”

Turkey repeatedly claims that the 120,000-strong Muslim minority in Greece’s Thrace are “Turkish,” despite the fact that Turkish-speakers make up a minority of the group who overwhelmingly identify as Greek, Pomak or Roma.

Turkey’s own Foreign Ministry website affirms that there is only officially a Muslim minority in Western Thrace via the Treaty of Lausanne Part VI Article 2, that states:

“Moslems established in the region to the east of the frontier line laid down in 1918 by the Treaty of Bucharest shall be considered as Moslem inhabitants of Western Thrace.”