Saturday, June 2, 2007

6/2/2007 (
By Christopher Deliso
With additional reporting from Albania by Stavros Markos

Tirana is swarming with American and British intelligence officers and Secret Service personnel ahead of American President George W. Bush’s June 10 visit to Albania. While such attention is standard procedure before any such trip anywhere in the world, specific local conditions are being factored in to the equation. According to published Albanian media sources and off-the-record testimony from Western intelligence officials, the US security detail, with support from the ever-faithful British MI6, is particularly keen to neutralize small Islamic fundamentalist organizations operating in the country. But a mysterious explosion near the US embassy on May 16 and two munitions seizures on May 30 have still not been attributed to any group.
In 1999, after the Kosovo intervention, Secretary of Defense William Cohen and President Clinton were both forced to cancel visits to Albania because of threats from a mostly Egyptian, but Saudi and bin Laden supported, terrorist cell that had entrenched itself in Albania during the early 1990’s. As will be seen, there remains great confusion regarding the circumstances of these cancellations and the foggy fate of one of Albania’s leading terrorist supporters during the 1990’s, Abdul Latif Saleh.
The Wider Context: A Complex Range of Turbulent Issues
On his trip, President Bush will also visit the Czech Republic, Poland, Italy and Bulgaria. The main event underpinning the trip, the June 6-8 Group of Eight (G8) summit in Germany, promises to be a tense affair dominated by the final status of Kosovo. Two days later in Tirana, Bush will meet with Albanian President Alfred Moisiu and Prime Minister Sali Berisha. It is likely that the outcome of the G8 Summit, and whatever agreements can be reached behind the scenes there, will color the president’s public comments in Tirana- regardless of whatever packaged soundbytes his speechwriters have already prepared.
The president is visiting Europe at a particularly sensitive time. A proposed but highly unpopular missile shield in the Czech Republic s already bringing out protesters. While there will probably not be protests in “pro-American” Albania, the independence of Kosovo, and the showdown with Russia and Serbia that the West has forced with this policy adventure, looms large- as do concerns over lurking Islamist elements.
Further, the president will hold meetings with the prime ministers of the three new candidate countries for NATO membership (Croatia, Albania and the Republic of Macedonia), something that has led Greek media to conjecture that the latter will receive an invitation to join NATO under its constitutional name- anathema for the Greeks, for whom the “Macedonian name issue” is returning as a hot political topic in advance of election season. In Albania itself, there have been several attacks by nationalists against Byzantine churches and Greek Orthodox Christians in the south.
A final issue is the legacy of America’s controversial detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, which lives on in Albania- the only country so far which has taken in prisoners discharged from the military facility. Most cannot return to their home countries, for fear of being tortured or killed. This was the case with the five Chinese Uighurs taken in by the Albanian government.
However, a recent BBC profile of ex-Guantanamo prisoners in Albania presents the daily reality of these de facto refugees in a highly unflattering light. A May 18 visit from the British media group to “the ramshackle refugee centre on the outskirts of Tirana” where eight Guantanamo “graduates” live mentioned the case of an Algerian who “cannot leave the country to be re-united with his family… [nor] can they join him to live in Albania.” While the man, Abu Mohammed, is a trained doctor, not knowing the Albanian language he has little chance to find such work in the country. While Albania has presented its acceptance of the ex-prisoners as a gesture of help and support to its American patron, the mens’ lawyers and reports such as the BBC’s indicate that the country is being used more as a dumping ground for the unwanted “human trash” of the so-called ‘war on terror.’
Security Preparations
Along with the invasion of Iraq, Guantanamo is one of the main issues to have angered Albania’s Islamist groups. Since some of these groups have shadowy foreign sponsors, the Americans are obviously taking no chances with security. On May 16, an explosion in a Tirana café located very close to the US Embassy injured one waitress. According to the Associated Press, “police are investigating who was responsible and what sort of device was used.”
Most recently, on May 30, “a plastic bag containing a few grams of explosives was found at 2 p.m. [in] a courtyard at the economics faculty of Tirana University, about 100 meters [from] the U.S. Embassy,” reported the IHT, adding that “half an hour later, a package containing 30 grams (1 ounce) of explosives was found at Mother Teresa Square, near the office of President Alfred Moisiu.”
While it cannot be proven, it is not beyond the realm of possibility that these were deliberate plants by the authorities made in order to scare citizens into accepting the draconian security measures that will be in place for Bush’s visit. Indeed, Tirana residents are likely to feel more than a little restricted. According to BIRN, the Albanian capital will be turned into “a high-security zone.” This apparently means “a complete shut down of traffic in the capital and rooftop snipers on every major building along the route of the Bush motorcade… most residents of apartment blocks close to places Bush is expected to visit will be prohibited from appearing on their balconies.” For the record, the preparations are being made under direction of the US Secret Service by a working group headed by Deputy Premier Gazmend Oketa.
Most recently, the Albanian parliament passed an extraordinary law that allowed a select team of US troops to accompany Bush on his visit. The act, passed by the Albanian parliament’s Law and National Security Commission, applies only to Bush’s visit.
While the high level of security is usual practice for a presidential visit it, as well as the grenade explosion and explosives seizures, are at the same time somewhat at odds with the country’s reputation as a bastion of pro-Americanism.
Indeed, the extravagant security operation is being conducted with the awareness that Islamic extremists operating in Albania and neighboring Kosovo could pose a threat, despite numerous efforts to contain them. The borders with Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro remain porous and easily exploitable.
According to several security sources, Albania itself hosts a small fundamentalist Wahhabi community, funded by Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. It is this factor that, according to a former MI6 officer, led the British spy agency to double its presence in Albania in mid-2006. The former officer adds that with the election of French President Sarkozy, a ’strong Europe‘ conservative, we can expect the French DGSE to take a more robust role in the region as well, in coordination with the British.
Islamic Inroads
Further, the Albanian newspaper Shqip recently claimed that a “Wahhabi sect” active within the Islamic Community in Albania poses a threat as a potential supporter of terrorism in the future. As elsewhere in the Balkans, the report notes, Muslims in poor rural areas are taking monthly “salaries” in order to dress and behave in the Wahhabi fundamentalist way.
However, the Islamic community allegedly does not have the authority to control extremists inside their society, “often claiming that this problem is an obligation of the Penal Code of the Albanian Constitution.” In January 2002, a senior Islamic Community offficial, Salih Tivari, was murdered by extremists after pledging to cut down foreign influence and funding within the Islamic Community.
A number of foreign Islamic charities, such as the “mainstream” Islamic Relief, still work in Albania under humanitarian pretexts. In neighboring Kosovo, Islamic relief has tried to become an economic, social and religious force in rural areas forgotten by the West such as Skenderaj (indeed, the charity itself describes “isolated mountain villages” as its speciality in Albania). The organization has field offices in interesting locations: Shkodra, a largely Catholic city in northern Albania; and Pogradec, a not especially religious town but one strategically located on Lake Ohrid near the Macedonian border. Macedonian security officials have noted that attempted penetration of foreign Islamist charities via Albania was carried out, unsuccessfully, in the past.
While the Lake Ohrid area is not regarded as a significant area for Islamic extremism, it has not stopped international sponsors from reinforcing the faith. In the small village of Lin on the northwest corner of the lake, for example, the United Arab Emirates built an impressive mosque – the Fakhira Harib el Khili Xhamija – in 2001.
In Shkodra, as elsewhere in Albania, religious fault lines are being exploited by both conservative Christian and Muslim groups. Tensions have risen with perceived provocations between Catholics and Muslims, as was the case when a cross was put up in Shkodra, and then mysteriously vandalized in January 2006. And, when civic leaders wanted to honor national hero Mother Teresa with a statue, three Muslim groups – the Association of Islamic Intellectuals, the Albanian Muslim Forum and the Association of Islamic Charities – publicly protested.
The former, a relatively new group which allegedly supports interfaith relations, declared that a statue of one of the world’s most renowned humanitarian figures would be a “provocation” to Muslims.
In November 2005, Muslim groups were further enraged when Albanian President Alfred Moisiu, speaking at the Oxford Union in England, declared that only a “shallow” sort of Islam exists in Albania, a country with allegedly much stronger and more durable Christian roots. The MFA and other Islamic groups condemned the president for “insulting Islam.”
Other issues, such as the building of churches and the previous debate over whether Albania should accept the discharged Guantanamo prisoners, have also provided great opportunity for rhetorical displays from such pressure groups, which are becoming increasingly vocal and active. As the rhetorical battle heats up, and the imminent independence of Kosovo dissolves the urgency of strictly nationalist mentalities, the animosities between Catholics, Muslims and occasionally Orthodox will only increase.
Final Puzzling Discrepancies
The Albanian intelligence service, the SHISH, operates under the direct orders of the Americans and, when deemed appropriate, the British. This was not always entirely the case. In fact, ironically, the reason why Islamic extremists entered the country in the first place was due to the former head of the spy agency, Bashkim Gazidede, a devout Islamist. During the early 1990’s, the SHISH was therefore both arresting foreign extremists under CIA orders and enabling others. When terrorist leaders such as Osama bin Laden himself visited Albania, it was under the pretext of subsidizing the desperately poor post-Communist country. Sali Berisha, then president, was happy to accept the help, even making Albania Europe’s only member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference- without gaining parliamentary approval.
According to Albanian security expert Damian Gjiknuri, Gazidede, a former chairman of the Islamic Intellectuals Association of Albania was in the early 1990’s “working around the clock receiving official delegations from the Arab world, hence deviating from the official duties and even compromising national security.” In 1997, after the corrupt pyramid schemes collapsed and brought total anarchy to the country, the Berisha government was toppled and Gazidede fled, in July 1997. Reportedly, he went to the Middle East and was later protected and employed by Turkey’s MIT intelligence service.
What happened subsequently is opaque. It was reported that the former spychief returned to Albania in December 2005, following Sali Berisha’s re-election, on a Turkish Airlines flight. However, a European security official claims that this “sighting” was of a body double, and that Gazidede really returned via ship, from Turkish-held North Cyprus. Neither account can be confirmed. Since May 2006, German and Albanian news reports have claimed that Gazidede was given a state job overseeing property issues, but is now in Rome for medical treatment. In any case, it seems that Gazidede is no longer in a position to cause mischief.
A more perplexing disappearance has been that of Abdul Latif Saleh, once a major player on Tirana’s Islamic fundamentalist scene. This Jordanian radical employed by the Saudi government was also the business manager in Albania for Yassin al-Qadi, a Saudi tycoon was designated a terrorist sponsor by the US Treasury in October 2001. Although his American assets were frozen by the Bush administration, al Qadi’s web of business connections means he has not been touched abroad, and indeed his close connections with Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan resulted in his exoneration in that country last year.
In the 1990’s, al-Qadi was one of the leading Arab investors in Albania. His 15-story business centers (they would be seized by the Albanian government in 2002) were known, ironically, as Tirana’s “Twin Towers.” Al-Qadi, the founder and chief investor in the terrorist fundraising charity, Muwafaq (‘Blessed Relief’), was alleged by the US government to have laundered $10 million for bin Laden through his business interests and charities. Investigators would also claim that Abdul Latif Saleh, the 45-year-old general manager of al-Qadi’s construction company, sugar importing firm and medical center, had been given $600,000 by Osama bin Laden for terrorist cells in Albania.
In September 2005, a US Treasury announcement reiterated its claims about the Jordanian. “Saleh has multiple ties to al Qaida, ranging from the Al Haramain Foundation to Yasin Qadi to Usama bin Laden,” said Stuart Levey, the Treasury’s Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI). “This designation identifies him as a terrorist facilitator and ensures that he will no longer be able to operate unencumbered.”
What this actually meant remains unclear. If Saleh would not be allowed to operate”unencumbered,” would he still be allowed to operate at all, and if so, why? At the same time that US forces in Afghanistan were rounding up random dark-skinned individuals and sending them to Cuba, it was allowing well known terrorist supporters in Europe, such as Saleh, to vanish into thin air.
For example, on November 12, 1999, “following a tip-off from US security services,” Saleh was detained by the Albanian SHISH and was then mysteriously flown by the US “to an unknown country.” A Tirana newspaper claimed that the arrest was related to President Clinton’s upcoming visit to Kosovo. Nevertheless, Saleh was apparently released undamaged, since he was able to make it back to Albania to be expelled again in 2002. According to the US Treasury, Saleh’s last known address was in the United Arab Emirates. Various reports have since placed him everywhere from Yemen to Afghanistan to supporting Muslim extremists in Kosovo.
Why the US would allow a known terrorist supporter to ride off into the sunset, even as it was detaining hundreds of people whose connections to terrorism were tenuous to non-existent, is likely to remain an enigma; however, Saleh’s affiliation with Yassin al Qadi, a powerful mogul with substantial investments around the world and former clients such as the US military itself, may well have played a part in the hands-off approach. A source with close ties to the US intelligence establishment would not confirm the scenario, but conceded that “this possibility cannot be denied.”
On April 30, 2007 the UN Security Council issued a press release updating its information on Saleh. It did not present any new information regarding his whereabouts, but it did note that he had been given an Albanian passport on two occasions (March 8, 1993 and December 1, 1995). This seems to have come shortly after a Tirana newspaper published this information.
The press release also replaced the name of one of Saleh’s alleged terrorist affiliations – the Salafist Group for Call and Combat – with the renamed version of the same Algerian Wahhabi extremist group, The Organization of Al Qaïda in the Islamic Maghreb. On April 11, 2007, the group claimed responsibility for an Algiers bombing that killed 24 and wounded 222. North African terrorist groups have been fingered almost unanimously by Western intelligence experts as the most dangerous new development for possible terrorist attacks in France or Spain.
Interestingly enough, the press release also replaced under its “other information” section the word “na” (not applicable) with “expelled from Albania in 1999”- thus ignoring the Albanian government’s subsequent expulsion of Saleh in 2002. This omission only casts further doubts on why the shadowy terrorist sponsor was allowed to escape Albania, at a time when the Clinton-pioneered “extraordinary renditions” policy was in full swing in that country.

Thursday, May 31, 2007

Photo: Albanian Submarines, Orikum.


The end of Military Agreement between Soviet Union and Albania, about Submarine Base in Vlora Bay, maybe have to bring the next mission Rusian President in Tirana. Tow Russian Military Companies will attend during a friendly ceremony, which will be held in Naval Base of Orikum, in Vlora Bay.

By Stavros Markos*

The Russian President Vladimir Putin will took Tirana in the end of June, after US President George Bush, left from Albania, in a moment very significant for the future of Kosovo Status and the Balkan Region. Russian President is for the second times that visits Albania, since the Chairman of URSS Nikita Hrushov, visited Albania under Dictator Regime of Enver Hoxha in 1959. The ceremony, could surprise Albanian opinion about an military agreement between Tirana and Moscow right now to finish from 50 years, particularly the nostalgic of communism era in Albania, who have lived a long period together with soviet military mission.

“The Submarine Base” of Orikum, was created under “Varshava Agreement” in 1957 when Albania was member of it. In the Agreement, authorized directly Moscow to hold the Base as “Part of Sovereignty” of Union Soviet until June 2007. According to Agreement, Albania and USSR must create a submarine base with about 12 submarines, with mix personnel under soviet army command. But in 1961 the Dictator Enver Hoxha separated politicly from Moscow after romped the relations with USSR. Decides of high Albanian officers including the General Marshall of Albanian Naval Forces, killed as “pro sovietic agents” and greek espionage, who did not want to follow the Communist dictature Regime of Tirana.

The Albanian historians have manipulated such other issue, the reality Russian - Albanian relations in the end of 1961, glorifying as the “Great Victory” of Albania against the “sovietic revisionism”, beginning with the Book of Ismail Kadare “The Great Winner”. Before his visit in 1959 in Tirana, Nikita Hrushov has been visited from Greek Ambassador in Moscow, who given a letter from Greek Prime Minister. On the letter, Athens claims a right about the southern Albania, particularly to look for Hellenism Culture in Buthrintos and the future of Northern Epirus. The Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha wanted to break the request of Russian president to visit Buthrintos but failed. Nikita Hrushov visited Buthrintos and gives rights the Greek propose after came back from Albania.

On 1961 Tirana cut the diplomatic relations and all agreements with USSR, seeing the China`s Republic as future “Big Brother” putting new relations particularly on military field as they had been stopped from Moscow. The Submarine Base of Orikum, begins to reactivate it war ships since 1978 time when “China suspects economic and military aids to Albania”. But early, 1967, Albania denounced “The Varshava Agreement” leaving politically distance while in reality Tirana hold it Represent Officer in Varsava. In this time, the Albanian army where in alert particularly from Greece it southern border, after NATO could had prepared a plan to attack Albania, in any condition if Greece will be menaced from Tirana.

At the end of Communism collapse in 1990 in Europe, the Naval Base of Orikum, was in a critic situation where war ships and particularly four submarines where under condition to navigate. Even the chines specialist had been assisted often during the faze of service, the Albanian submarines, have stopped since 1997 when in Albania explodes the “War Civil”. During the March 1997, a journalist, correspondent of “TAR TASS Agency”, came in Orikum to see near the destruction of old Navale Base, where the war ships embarked full of civil on they to leave Albania to Italy after Collapse Schemes Pyramids. About 400 marine missiles and 200 sub sea bombs where blocked inside the tunnels while four submarines where to be decomposed.

Post 97, the submarine naval base of Orikum, was in total degradation. An agreement between Tirana and Ankara, gave the authorisation to reconstruction from Turkish Army. The agreement 5+2 years of Turkish Army is to determinate and NATO must take the old Submarine Base of Orikum (Pashs Liman) in his administration. Some months before, NATO has destructed all the missiles and bombes inside military magazines of Pasha Liman Base, and the end of June, will be the Russian President Vladimir Putin to be present in Cremony day, which will pass from the Base under Soviet Sovereignty to NATO represent in Albania.

Albania is one of three countries in South East Europe, together with FYROM and Croatia, which have firmed agreement with NATO, under “Adriatic Charter” to join on 2008 as member of Euro Atlantic Military Forces. The Albanian army is in total reconstruction since 1997, when exploded the “Civil War”, after collapse of Pyramids Schemes. NATO operates with his troops basing a legislative agreement with Tirana since 2005.

Nevertheless, the Albanian politics are under attention of Bruxselles to make particularly politic reforms, beginning to make free elections and to respect the human rights values regarding developments in Balkan Region.

Stavros Markos*
Member of World Security Network Foundation Athens & South Eastern Europe Office.
Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS), Athens, Greece.

(Albanian politics, NGO & Minorities studies). Journalist, analyst on organized crime in the Balkans & NGO Director. Markos Stavros, born in 1965 in Vlore, Albania, is an award-winning investigative journalist in Tirana. He has worked with BBC Radio, Albanian Television TVS, France Television TF1, TF2, TV5, Italian Television RAI, Athens Media Sesk and more, specializing in Balkan organized crime. He is directing NGO activities around minority issues and has served in the directory of TV Stations and newspapers

Tuesday, May 29, 2007


(Photo: The Greek School in Koritsa, "Omiros")

Again the Albanian Press is raising the tension against Hellenism. A head article of Newspaper “Gazeta Shqiptare” under the title “The children of Greek School in Korista, learn to referring Southern Albania, to be Greece" is printed today on albanian press. There has been open again a “marathon telenovele” as anti Hellenic rhetoric from Albanian media, underground with Albanian nationalist, who seeing not only the Albanian emigrant process to integrate in Greek society, but also the Greek culture heritage influence as the“ Greek school opened in 2005 in Koritsa.
The polemics between Athens and Tirana has been coming since in 1999, when the Greek government, had propose to Tirana to join specialist and historians to build a history for the children system scholarship between tow countries, seeing to peace atmosphere of Albania to EU. The proposal Culture Minister of Greece M. Gianakoy addressed to Tirana in the end of 2005 as: "the tow countries must build an only history to have perspective and not demagogy and hypocrisy", has been ignored from Albanian authority’.

Wherefore, Athens after the protocol firmed with Tirana in field of culture Albanian emigrants, have opened Albanian schools in Greece, but unfortunate the Albanian children preferred Greek schools. The Albanian dictature has falsified the Albanian history periodically since Albanian state founded in 1912 particularly in relations with Greece. The history books of Albanian children, has been falls about the World War Second ignored the invasion of Italian fascists to Greece in 1940 . Often the albanian historians, referred the counter offensive of Greek troops army against Italians as the invasion of Greeks against Albanian independent state, and never known as factor in WWS fighting against the axes forces.

Anyway, on the Peace Conference in Paris in 1946, Greece has requested to reunite the lost province of Epirus known as Northern Epirus from Albanian state conquested in 1913. Early, in 1919, the Organization of Pan Epiriotic for Koritsa and Kologna Region, sent a letter to US Congress and the President Wilson, to enjoy their territory inside Epirus Province of Greece. In 1946, Tirana has supported thousands of Greek communists to enter in Albanian territory illegal helped from soviet mission in Tirana. Since this year until 1991, has been closed the Greek schools in province of Koritsta and reopen in 2005. According to "Corfu Protocol" May 1914, Korista Prefecture has been including as Greek autonomy inside Albanian borders from decision of Great Powers.

In 2004, the Greek American Lobbyist Nicholas Gage, visited Koritsa with USA ambassador James Jeffrey, to inaugurate the construction of the New Greek School “Omiros”. In addition, according to agreement between Albania and Council of Europe, Albanian State must respect any voluntarism when community people historically claim their culture and their origin.

Also Tirana had refused systematically a general population counting, because it has afraid to personal declaration, to large number of Greeks that live in Albania including Koritsa, liberated from Greek army both in tow War World of 20 Century. One week ago, a Greek orthodox church in Koritisa Region has been violated. There are hundreds of Orthodox Church must part are Byzantine period which are in propriety of Greek old origin people and orthodox community of Koritsa region.

In Greece live about 950 thousand Albanian emigrant, must part of them from Northern Epirus, taken the greek citizenship.

Monday, May 28, 2007


Photo: The Himariotes Fighters, participants in the International Brigade, after liberation of Rimini, Italy. This is a testimony document when fighters from Himara Region, have combated out of Albania as a part of international coalition forces in Italy and Greece during Summer of 1944.

Sunday, May 27, 2007


Στρατιωτική υποχρέωση όσων αποκτήσουν την Ελληνική ιθαγένεια.

α- Όλοι οι άνδρες από 19 έως 45 χρονών έχουν υποχρέωση να υπηρετήσουν. Το που θα υπηρετήσουν και σε ποιο σώμα (στρατό, ναυτικό, αεροπορία) είναι σχεδόν τυχαίο.β) Δεν υπάρχει πλέον καμιά ειδική μεταχείριση για τους βορειοηπειρώτες.γ) Πόσο καιρό θα υπηρετήσω;

Όσοι είναι από 19 έως 35 χρονών υπηρετούν πλήρη θητεία 12 μήνες.
Όσοι είναι από 35 και πάνω και αποκτήσουν την Ελληνική ιθαγένεια υπηρετούν 6μηνη μειωμένη θητεία εφόσον το ζητήσουν.

Όσοι γεννήθηκαν στο εξωτερικό και έζησαν εκεί μέχρι τα 11 χρόνια θεωρούντε μόνιμοι κάτοικοι εξωτερικού. Ι. Η ιδιότητα του μόνιμου κατοίκου εξωτερικού χάνετε αν μείνει πάνω από 6 μήνες τον χρόνο στην ΕλλάδαΙΙ. Για όσο καιρό έχει κάποιος την ιδιότητα αυτή μπορεί να πάρει αναβολή.ΙΙΙ. Αν θέλει να υπηρετήσει υπηρετεί 6 μήνες και αν θέλει μπορεί να είναι σε 3 διαφορετικά δίμηνα όποτε ο ίδιος επιλέξει.Εφόσον υπηρετήσει μετά μπορεί να έρθει μόνιμα στην Ελλάδα χωρίς άλλη υποχρέωση. Δηλαδή αν κάποιος μένει ακόμα στην Αλβανία και αποκτήσει την Ελληνική ιθαγένεια δεν θα έχει κανένα πρόβλημα με τον στρατό και θα μπορεί να πηγαινοέρχεται στην Ελλάδα.

Όσοι έχουν 1 παιδί υπηρετούν 9 μήνες εφόσον το επιθυμούν.
Όσοι έχουν 2 παιδιά υπηρετούν 6 μήνες εφόσον το επιθυμούν.
Όσοι έχουν από 3 παιδιά και πάνω παίρνουν απαλλαγή εφόσον το επιθυμούν.
Όσοι έχουν 1 παιδί χωρίς μάνα (έχει πεθάνει δηλαδή) παίρνουν απαλλαγή εφόσον το επιθυμούν. δ) Πότε θα με καλέσουν;

Όσοι είναι από 19 και πάνω παίρνουν μέσω του αστυνομικού τμήματος της περιοχής σας το δελτίο κατάταξης.Το παραλαμβάνει ο καθένας μόνος του από το τμήμα ή από τον αστυνομικό που το πάει στο σπίτι. Επίσημα υποτίθεται ότι έρχετε 1 μήνα πριν από την ημέρα που έχετε υποχρέωση να παρουσιαστείτε αλλά αυτό γίνεται σπάνια. Μπορεί να έρθει μια δύο η μια εβδομάδα πρίν ή να μην έρθει και καθόλου. Σε κάθε περίπτωση θεωρείστε ανυπότακτος αν δεν παρουσιαστείτε την ημέρα που έγραφε το χαρτί είτε το λάβατε είτε όχι.

Όσοι απέκτησαν την υπηκοότητα με πολιτογράφηση τους καλούν κάποια στιγμή να ορκιστούν ως Έλληνες πολίτες (μπορεί και να μήν γίνει και τυπικά να θεωρήσουν ότι έγινε). Από εκείνη την στιγμή ενημερώνετε ο δήμος, η νομαρχία, το αλλοδαπών, η αστυνομία, το στρατολογικό γραφείο κλπ. Από αυτή τη στιγμή θεωρείτε ότι δημιουργήθηκε η υποχρέωση στράτευσης. Άρα μετά από μερικούς μήνες θα έρθει το χαρτί. Αυτό γίνεται τις πρώτες μέρες για τον στρατό ξηράς λίγο μετά για ναυτικό και αεροπορία του κάθε ενός από τους παρακάτω μήνες ανάλογα με την περίοδο που ξεκίνησε η υποχρέωση και σε ποιο σώμα κλήθηκε ο καθένας.

Στρατός ξηράςΑπό 1 Αυγούστου έως 31 Οκτώβρη -> ΦλεβάρηΑπό 1 Νοεμβρίου έως 31 Ιανουαρίου -> ΜάηΑπό 1 Φεβρουαρίου έως 30 Απριλίου -> ΑύγουστοΑπό 1 Μαΐου έως 31 Ιουλίου -> ΝοέμβρηΑπό 1 Αυγούστου έως 31 Οκτωβρίου -> ΦλεβάρηΠολεμική αεροπορίαΑπό 15 Αυγούστου έως και 15 Νοεμβρίου -> ΜάρτηΑπό 16 Νοεμβρίου έως και 15 Φεβρουαρίου -> ΙούνηΑπό 16 Φεβρουαρίου έως και 15 Μαΐου -> ΣεπτέμβρηΑπό 16 Μαΐου έως και 14 Αυγούστου -> ΔεκέμβρηΠολεμικό ναυτικόΑπό 1 Σεπτεμβρίου έως 31 Οκτωβρίου -> ΓενάρηΑπό 1 Νοεμβρίου έως 1 Ιανουαρίου -> ΜάρτηΑπό 2 Ιανουαρίου έως 5 Μαρτίου -> ΜάηΑπό 6 Μαρτίου έως 10 Μαΐου -> ΙούληΑπό 11 Μαΐου έως 30 Ιουνίου -> ΣεπτέμβρηΑπό 1 Ιουλίου έως 31 Αυγούστου -> ΝοέμβρηΠρόσθετες πληροφορίες

Το μεγαλύτερο ποσοστό καλείτε να υπηρετήσει στον στρατό ξηράς και κυρίως στο Πεζικό. Πολλοί λίγοι πάνε στο Ναυτικό και ακόμα λιγότεροι στην Αεροπορία.
Όσοι είναι 19 χρονών πρέπει να συμπληρώσουν ένα έντυπο στο στρατολογικό γραφείο της περιοχής τους ή σε κάποιο ΚΕΠ (Να περάσει περιοδεύων). Αν δεν το κάνουν και κληθούν να υπηρετήσουν θα έχουν πρόσθετη δίμηνη θητεία ή οποία όμως είναι εξαγοράσιμη αλλά ένα κακό είναι ότι δεν θα μπορούν όμως να γίνουν έφεδροι αξιωματικοί.

Όσοι έχουν τελειώσει τουλάχιστον το λύκειο μπορούν να δηλώσουν στο στρατολογικό γραφείο ότι θέλουν να υπηρετήσουν ως έφεδροι αξιωματικοί (ΥΕΑ) και όταν τους καλέσουν ακολουθούν τεστ και αν τα περάσουν πάνε σε ειδική σχολή για μερικούς μήνες και τους υπόλοιπους το παίζουν αξιωματικοί (ονομάζονται δόκιμοι αξιωματικοί). Οι δόκιμοι αξιωματικοί δεν είναι απλοί φαντάροι και γενικώς περνάνε πολλοί καλύτερα στον στρατό (μετά τους 5 μήνες που έχουν πιο σκληρή εκπαίδευση) αφού πληρώνωντε, κοιμούνται σπίτι τους υποχρεωτικά και γενικώς δεν κάνουν τίποτα. Υπηρετούν όμως 5 μήνες παραπάνω (12+5 = 17μήνες). Ολα τα παραπάνω ισχύουν με τον τρέχοντα νόμο περι στρατολογίας των Ελλήνων Ν.3421/2005 (ΦΕΚ 302/13-12-2005, τ. Α΄) ( PDF)H υπουργική απόφαση που καθορίζει τις χώρες του τέως ανατολικού συνασπισμού είναι (ΦΕΚ 624/18-5-2006, τ. Β') ( PDF)Σε αυτές δεν συμπεριλαμβάνετε η Αλβα

by Stavros Markos

"Illegal weapons arsenal to Greece or to arm terrorist groups?"

(Photo: Weapons sequestered from Albanian authority

The Tribunal of Tirana District decided to arrest in prison Alban Gjoci, an albanian emigrant in Greece. Gjoci has been arrested one day ago near Tirana, traveling inside a taxi, comes from Northern Albania town, Shkodra. During a police equip control, they find arsenal weapons and bomb hands in a box it self. The police arrested in flagrance Gjoci together with arsenal arms.

During the interrogators, Gjoci declared the reasons that he accused from attorney of Tirana: “I would send to Greece the weapons to sell in black business in illegally to win a lot of money” said Gjoci.

But in fact there are a lot of questions that the Albanian investigators, the Greek authorities and sure CIA expert and Europol "must clear" this arrest.

There are informations that the weapons are in reality target trafficking to Greece or to criminal groups?
Is Gjoci linked with “traficants” in Greece or may be in Tirana, in Albania, linked with Albanian terrorist or criminal group?
There is information that is Gjoci linked with Terrorist Group in Greece, or Albanian paramilitary extremist group?
The arsenal arms capture from Albanian police is object against the visit of the President of US in Tirana next June?
Is Alban Gojci linked with a Islamic group which operates in Albania?

Anyway, the CIA, Europol and others Intelligence foreign structures, which operate in Albania, against terrorist groups and Albanian Organized Crime, are in alert particularly in occasion of historic visit of the President of USA George Bush in Tirana. Tow years ago a criminal group from Northern Albania related with Montenegrin trafficants, are arrested from Albanian authorities and interrogated from CIA experts, sequestering great arsenal arms and weapons including hand missiles “Strela” and intelligent command bombs, which use from terrorist group in the world.